Agent-based modelling – a new method for investigating environmental problems
Author: Dr. Diana POPOVICI
Abstract: The agent-based modelling (ABM) represents a newly emerged domain with multiple applications. They started to develop in late 1940’s and they reached maturity in 2000’s – 2010’s. Nowadays, more and more studies are being made using ABM, proving that they are a powerful tool in exploring patterns, interactions and behaviours. As their name suggest, they rely on agents. There is still no formal definition for agents, but they are considered to be autonomous entities, capable of having a certain behaviour and to interact with other agents and/or with the environment they belong to. The environment, the agents and the interactions established form the ABM. Even though this type of models has evolved from mathematics, thanks to computer development, and especially computer graphics, they now offer the possibility to visually explore certain behaviours and to identify a pattern. Also, of great importance and contributing directly to the ABMs application expansion, is the development of a variety of toolkits used for designing agent-based models. Many of the toolkits are open source and continuously implement more simplified programming language. These are the main reasons for which ABMs are used nowadays in a very wide range of domains – from ecology to healthcare and medicine, from archaeology to stock markets, from combats and air traffic control to emergency situations, from social and natural sciences to robotics.
agent, model, computer simulation, behaviour, social.
Subsidence determined by InSAR – a review
Author: Ana-Maria GLOD-LENDVAI
Abstract: Multi-temporal interferometry or InSAR allows monitoring of a deformation phenomenon at millimetre level, via the generation of mean deformation velocity maps and displacement time series from a data set of acquired SAR satellite images. The advantages of satellite radar interferometry for displacement monitoring are demonstrated in cases of monitoring man-made structures (e.g. buildings, bridges, dams, subway lines, mines exploitation). This paper presents works in which subsidence phenomena were analyzed by InSAR technique.
multi-temporal InSAR; land subsidence, underground structures, deformation.
Mapping Swabian migration in the 18th century to NW Romania (Sathmar county)
Author: Dr. Maria BOȘTENARU DAN, researcher
Abstract: The paper presents field and literature investigations to the places of origin and end for the Swabian migration in the 18th century, from the space between Ulm and Lake Constance to the NW Romania (Sathmar county). Soon after the departure of the Swabians, the place was marked by some of the most notable Baroque religious architecture, built heritage today. In the new home, the count of Károly let churches be built, some of which were destroyed totally or partially in the 1834 Érmellék earthquake. Long term goal of this research is to map this gradual construction and reconstruction with the methods developed by the author in a larger project
18th century, earthquake impact, mapping.
Adaptation, tolerance and the "smart" technology era
Author: Liviu CONSTANTIN
Abstract: The article refers to the addiction caused by a certain part of the modern technology, commonly called smart, a modern man’s invention to collect data and for simplistic entertainment. It has direct effects on the environment and daily life, as a quick way to change what would be called normal behavior and cause diseases by the attenuation / inhibition of the instincts of self nourishment, self protection, creativity, ration and authentic values. In the end, it will lead to the natural selection in the most important artificial disaster created by man.
addiction, smart technology, disaster.
Erasmus+ in Cologne. Life in Cologne
Author: Cătălina-Teodora STOIAN, Vladimir-Nicolae NECHITA
Abstract: "Life in Cologne" is the third and last article of the series "Erasmus+ in Cologne" and is intended mainly for students and researchers of the Faculty of Geography of the University of Bucharest, who want to take part in an Erasmus+ scholarship. It covers advice and relevant information concerning the city of Cologne, the student life there and the nearby destinations that can be visited.
Erasmus+, Cologne, International Student, Tourist Attraction, Student Life.