Volume 1, Issue 1, April 2016

Volume 1, Issue 1, April 2016

ISSN 2501-7837
ISSN-L 2501-7837

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  • An introduction to CRMD research centre

    Author: Iuliana Armaș

    Abstract: The center performs its activity within its Department (Faculty) of Geography, UB. Its aim is to increase the level of knowdledge in the field of Environmental Dynamics to solve current complex problems, involving an interdisciplinary approach. This objective is pursued by carrying out activities of fundamental (theoretical) research, but also of applied research. These are accomplished especially by developing skilled methodologies for spatial and temporal analysis of terrestrial and coastal systems, including in terms of natural hazards and risk resilience. An important aspect adresses the development of algorithms and GIS software for identifying and reducing the effects of vulnerability and risk that result from human environment interaction.

    Keywords: CRMD, Environmental Dynamics, terrestrial systems, coastal systems, GIS.

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  • A summary of CRMD research on Bucharest

    Author: Iuliana Armaș

    Abstract: Due to its environmental issues, Bucharest has always been a constant attraction for our research Centre works. Three major collaborative projects funded from the state budget focused on the urban vulnerabilities at Bucharest city level: HERA, REVEAL and GEOSPACE. The paper summarizes the innovating topics and the main outcomes of this research.

    Keywords: urban vulnerability, multi-criteria analysis, InSAR, GNSS, diachronic cartography, nonlinear dynamics..

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  • Coastal Research Group in the frame of CRMD – overview of research activities

    Author: Luminița Preoteasa and Florin Tătui

    Abstract: The Coastal Research Group in the frame of CRMD Research Centre undertakes various research activities in Danube Delta, on the Romanian Black Sea Coast and along the Danube river valley related to coastal morphodynamics, coastal hazards, geoarchaeology, large-scale evolution of coastal environment, GIS and remote sensing analyses applied in coastal geomorphology and coastal system integrated management. The general aim of our group is to get a well-grounded understanding of the coastal processes and associated coastal behaviour at multiple spatial and temporal scales.

    Keywords: Danube Delta, Romanian Black Sea coast, SCMF, marine and coastal environment.

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  • Inns and churches in Bucharest’s Old Town – Patterns of the past

    Author: Vladimir-Nicolae Nechita

    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze inns and churches of the historical Bucharest, based on diachronic cartography on historical maps from 1789 up to the present. The importance and the spatial development of the inns and churches throughout history were identified using modern GIS techniques for spatial representation. A major goal was to identify connections between churches and inns. Routes and checkpoints of the passersby and inhabitants were established. Results showed that there were strong connections between churches and inns, represented as patterns of the past.

    Keywords: Bucharest’s Old Town, inns, churches, checkpoints, routes, pattern..

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  • Decision analyses – a brief introduction

    Author: Diana Popovici

    Abstract: The decision analyses have been developed in the second half of the 20th century to help managers better deal with the decision making problems they had to face. Evolving from very technical and simple managerial tools, they became today a very wide domain, comprising knowledge, methods and techniques from Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science, Management and lately GIS. The most important aspect of the decision analyses is the decision making process. Even though, earlier in their development, the goal (the decision) was emphasized, after 1970’s the accent was put on how a decision should be made. This led to a dynamic development of methods and instruments that could assist the decision makers through the decision making process, so the decision support systems, and later the spatial decision support systems appeared.

    Keywords: decision problem, decision making process, decision support systems, spatial decision support systems.

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  • The Analysis of Local Communities Flood Adaptation Strategies using Traditional and Participative Research Methods. Case Study: The Danube Valley between Giurgiu and Gostinu' – PhD Thesis Summary

    Author: Cristina Nenciu Posner

    Abstract: The aim of the research is to combine traditional approaches to the study of adaptation to floods based on academic research with trans-disciplinary approaches. The research followed specific objectives: (a) To identify current and past ways of interactions between the inhabitants of the Danube floodplain and their local environment and the factors that contributed towards adjustment, adaptation or mal-adaptation; (b) To estimate the impact of structural methods of protection against floods and the bureaucracy associated with implementing them; (c) To apply a detailed case study in the village of Gostinu in Giurgiu county, using diachronic analysis, ethnographic methods and PGIS to identify factors that influence adaptation to flooding; (d) To identify the characteristics of local communities and the vision of community members, regarding floods and explore reactions to plans to renaturate the Danube floodplain; (e) To analyse flood protection policies and strategies at local, regional, national and international level and estimate their impact.

    Keywords: participative research, ethnographic research, structural methods, diachronic analysis.

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  • Famine, the last act?

    Author: Radu Ionescu

    Abstract: Dessalegn Rahmato contends that “Famine is the closing scene of a drama whose most important and decisive acts have been played out behind closed doors.” This paper will critically analyse this statement and evaluate its implications for humanitarian response and intervention. The work is structured as follows. First it will look at different interpretations of famine. Next it looks at systems theory as a base for a framework that it will employ in the analyses. This framework is made up of three types of “doors”: the governmental doors, the private doors and the NGO’s doors. The paper will look behind these doors and see if the decisions taken there have indeed led to famine being the closing scene of a drama.

    Keywords: famine, transparency, state, private, NGOs.

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  • Space and time visualization book

    Author: Maria Bostenaru Dan, Cerasella Crăciun

    Abstract: This contribution aims to present a recently finalized book on digital “Space and time visualization” of cultural heritage: buildings and landscapes. The book is currently in press (in July 2015) at Springer Netherlands. Topics of the contributions include:
    - Network analysis of heritage architecture
    - Historic cartography investigation of lost landscapes
    - Digital cartography
    - Digital landscape architecture techniques
    - GIS representations, including of natural hazards
    - Computer aided priority setting of risk mitigation on cultural artefacts
    - 3D modeling of historic sites affected by natural hazards
    - Virtual reality robots
    - Digital building survey
    - Virtual architecture design studio
    - Essays on digital archives and media architecture
    - Review of digital art conservation
    Authors are from 3 continents, including countries like USA, Sri Lanka, Italy, Switzerland, Greece, Germany, Romania.

    Keywords: digital methods, landscape, architecture history, natural hazards.

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